لوح موسيقي سومري - عصر فجر السلالات الثاني - القرن 26 ق.م
 

رقيم مسماري يرقى الى عصر السلالات السومرية الثاني-القرن 26 ق.م ويرد فيه ذكر  9 اوتار موسيقية و 23 نوع من الالات الموسيقية الوترية  ومنها الة الكنار المعروف بالاكدية بالاسم ( كي - نا - رو )

 

    Salam Taha

اللوح مهشم و تم العثور على قطعته العلوية الكبرى  بابعاد 20 - 30 - 5 سم

و الصغرى 9 - 18 - 5 

الابعاد الاصلية للوح  الام 40-30-5 سم

المتبقي 100 سطر باللغة السومرية والخط المسماري

 

EARLIEST KNOW MUSIC & INSTRUMENTS RECORD

 

Text     :   LEXICAL LIST OF 9 TYPES OF MUSICAL STRINGS, 23 TYPES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS AND MUSIC, INCLUDING DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRINGED INSTRUMENTS SUCH AS HARP AND LYRE, AS WELL AS HITHERTO UNKNOWN INSTRUMENTS; FURTHER LAPIS LAZULI, BEDS, COPPER UTENSILS, TEXTILES, DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND SINEWS, JEWELLERY, WEAPONS, LEATHER PARTS OF YOKE, STRAPS, SACKS, TYPES OF SHEEP, KNIVES, AROMATICS AND PERFUMES, REED OBJECTS, GRAINS AND FLOURS, ETC.

 

Description         Sumerian on clay, Sumer, 26th c. BC, upper half of a huge tablet + fragment of lower part, 20x30x5 cm + 9x18x5 cm, originally ca. 40x30x5 cm, 16+9 and 7+7 columns, 437+ ca. 100 lines remaining in cuneiform script, circular depressions introducing each new entry

Binding

Context              

Similar, smaller tablets are known from Fara or Tell Abu Salabikh. 3 compilations all from 26th c. BC have music instruments. The present tablet is almost a duplicate of a relatively well-known lexical list, discussed by Miguel Civil in Cagni, Ebla 1975-1985, pp. 133 ff. The obverse is an abbreviated recension with minor changes in the sequence of the entries. The reverse is the continuation of the unfinished Fara recension.

The fragment of this MS was earlier than MS 2524. This number is now used for another tablet. Another fragment of the same tablet is Mikhail Collection, published in Pettinato 1997 no.2.

Provenance      

Commentary    

The earliest known record of music and musical instruments in history. The name of one of the stringed instruments is a Semitic word, ki-na-ru, the later kinnaru known from the Mari letters and Ras Shamra texts (13th c. BC, cfr. MS 1955/1-6),

Published           Miguel Civil: The Lexical Texts in the Schøyen Collection, Cornell University Studies in Assyriology and Sumerology, vol. 12, Manuscripts in the S Collection, Cuneiform texts V. CDL Press, Bethesda, MD, 2010, text 6.3.1, pp. 203-214.

Exhibited           

Image featured in           Andrew E. Hill & John H. Walton: A survey of the Old Testament, 3rd ed., Grand Rapids, Mi., Zondervan Publ. House, 2009, p. 734. Zondervan Illustrated Bible, Backgrounds, Commentary. John H. Walton, gen. ed. Grand Rapids, Mich., Zondervan, 2009, vol. 5, p. 443.

Mentioned         Miguel Civil: The Early Dynastic practical vocabulary A (Archaic HAR-ra A). Roma, Missione Archeologica Italiana in Siria, 2008, pp. 3, 93-102.

Boxing 

Colophon          

See also             

Place of origin   Sumer

Dates    26c BC