ALEXANDER THE GREAT AND THE HELLENISTIC NAVAL PRESENCE IN SOUTH MESOPOTAMIA AND THE GULF
Dr. Adeel Hashem Ali د. عادل هاشم علي
To understand Alexander ‘s strategic and tactical moves, we need to know his perception of the world ( ΟΙΚΟΥΜΕΝΗ ) and the Greek's view consider the inhabited world being surrounded by the outer ocean; Through the Caspian sea they thought they could sail around India ,from the Persian / Arab Gulf( Erythrean Sea ).They could sail to India and around Africa through Gibraltar back to the Mediterranean sea "our sea". This was Alexander’s grand scheme to sail around the ocean and conquer the world and then become the rightful King of Asia and King of the World .
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